The Bellwether January 1, 2024

more capital for further investments or property improvements.

1. Landscaping and Outdoor Features:

Identify and separate the value of landscaping elements such as trees, shrubs, and outdoor structures. These are typically non- depreciable and should be categorized separately.

3. By maximizing depreciation benefits, investors can significantly enhance their overall return on investment. Enhanced Returns:

2. Furniture and Decor:


If the property comes furnished, the value of furniture, decor, and other personal property items should be separated from the overall appraisal. These items are not considered part of the depreciable structure.

1. While depreciation provides immediate benefits, it's essential to be aware of recapture tax, which comes into play when the property is sold at a profit. Recapture Tax: 2. Reduced Basis: Depreciation reduces the property's adjusted cost basis, potentially leading to higher capital gains taxes upon sale. 3. Market Fluctuations: The property's overall value may fluctuate independently of improvements, impacting the investor's return. In the arena of real estate investment, recognizing the nuances of property depreciation is akin to unlocking a hidden treasure chest. By meticulously appraising land and improvements separately, strategically itemizing non- property elements, and leveraging the tax advantages, investors can maximize their returns and position themselves for long-term success. It's not merely about acquiring properties but understanding the financial intricacies that transform a real estate portfolio into a thriving investment powerhouse.

3. Appliances:

While appliances are often included in a property, their value should be itemized separately. This includes items like refrigerators, stoves, and washing machines.

4. Specialized Equipment:

If the property includes specialized equipment for specific purposes (e.g., industrial machinery, medical equipment), their value should be separated. These items may have their depreciation schedules.

5. Unique Fixtures:

Certain fixtures, especially those with high aesthetic or historic value, may not depreciate at the same rate as the building itself. Examples include chandeliers, antique fixtures, or custom-made installations.

6. Detached Structures:

If there are detached structures on the property, such as a separate garage or workshop, their value should be appraised separately from the main building.

7. Land Improvements:

While the land itself is not depreciable, certain land improvements may have a separate depreciation schedule. Examples include paved driveways, fences, or retaining walls.

Michael Garrison is an investor, real estate entrepreneur, and construction industry consultant whose mission has been to promote purpose, security, and success. He was once a radio celebrity and is also the executive editor at The Bellwether magazine. Connect with Michael on LinkedIn..

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